Detailed needs assessments

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

CVD pictureCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. CVD includes coronary artery diseases such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). Other CVDs include stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, heart arrhythmia, congenital heart disease, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease.

It is estimated that up to 90% of CVD may be preventable. Prevention of CVD involves improving risk factors through: healthy eating, exercise, avoidance of tobacco smoke and limiting alcohol intake. Treating risk factors, such as high blood pressure, blood lipids and diabetes is also beneficial.

Public Health England (PHE) have produced an online tool that presents an overview of data on cardiovascular and cardiovascular related conditions of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and kidney disease. The profiles are for commissioners and health professionals when assessing the impact of cardiovascular disease on their local population and making decisions about services. They include data on mortality, hospital admissions, procedures and disease management.


Further resources


JSNA Annual Summary – Cardiovascular disease section

The JSNA Annual Summary contains a section on cardiovascular disease (CVD) which can be accessed below. This summary page is only updated in March each year.

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