Detailed needs assessments

Communicable Disease and Immunisation

BacteriaA communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect. Examples of communicable diseases include Hepatitis A, B & C, influenza, measles, salmonella, malaria, tuberculosis and chickenpox.

Immunisation is the process of the body recognising a disease and protecting you from future infection. This can be induced by being vaccinated (usually by injection). Immunisation programmes offer everyone in the population of a certain age or risk group specific vaccines to try to reduce the number of cases of a disease. Programmes often concentrate on young children, as they're particularly vulnerable to many potentially dangerous infections. Public Health England (PHE) records the vaccinations that adults and children receive and the number of cases of each disease each year.

PHE’s Health Protection profile tool contains information on the occurrence of infections and immunisation programmes at Swindon level.





The prevention, control and treatment of Tuberculosis (TB) is a key public health priority. This TB health needs assessment (HNA) has been conducted for the Bath & North East Somerset (BaNES), Gloucestershire, Swindon and Wiltshire (BGSW) area, to provide a comprehensive report on the epidemiology of TB, establish a baseline for current TB services, look at the unmet health needs and gaps in service provision, and make recommendations on how to meet the needs and improve treatment and control of TB in BGSW.  The HNA makes 15 recommendations based on the key issues identified. 

Public Health England have produced local level TB Strategy Monitoring Indicators which are available in an interactive data tool.


Further resources

Please see the Swindon JSNA sexual health page for information on sexually transmitted infections.

Other resources

JSNA Annual Summary – Communicable disease and Immunisation section

The JSNA Annual Summary contains a section on communicable disease and immunisation which can be accessed below. This summary page is only updated in March each year.

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